EKG - A test that measures the electrical activity of the heart. This includes the rate and regularity of beat as well as the size and position of the chambers, any damage to the heart and the effects of drugs, devices to regulate the heart.
Echocardiogram - A test that uses ultrasound waves to create a moving picture of the heart. The picture is such more detailed than X-ray images and involves no radiation exposure.
Exercise Stress Test - A general screening tool to test the effect of exercise on your heart. The test gives a general sense of how healthy your heart is.
Holter Monitoring - Provides a continuous recording of heart rhythm during normal activity. The monitor is usually worn for 24 hours to obtain a recording of a complete day.
Event Monitor - A small recorder (monitor) is attached to electrodes on your chest. It is worn continuously for a period of time. If symptoms are felt, an event button can be depressed and the heart's rhythm is recorded and saved in the recorder.
Nuclear Exercise Stress Exam - A specific test which uses radioactive isotopes to test your heart's response to exercise on a treadmill as well as the amount of blood flow to your heart muscle at rest and at exercise. A drug administered nuclear exam is used if a patient cannot exercise on a treadmill due to physical limitations. In this case medication is given to simulate exercise without physical exertion.
Cardiac Catheterization - Involves passing a catheter (a thin flexible tube) into the right or left side of the heart. In general the procedure is performed to obtain diagnostic information about the heart or its blood vessels or to provide treatment in certain types of heart conditions.
Angioplasty - A medical procedure in which a balloon is used to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels of the heart (coronary arteries)
TEE - A diagnostic procedure in which a transducer is passed down into the esophagus to a location behind the heart where sound waves are sent and delivered to image the heart.
Tilt Table Test - Used to diagnose patients with unexplained fainting spells or syncope. During the test heart rate, blood pressure or other measurements can be made while the patient lies on a table which is tilted so he or she can be monitored in different positions from lying down to standing upright.
Cardioversion - Delivers an electrical shock to a person's heart to rapidly restore an abnormal heart rhythm back to normal.